FAQ Glossary

Title Definition
Backbone A high-speed line or series of connections that forms a large pathway within a network. The term is relative to the size of the network it is serving. A backbone in a small network would probably be much smaller than many non-backbone lines in a large network.
Bandwidth The amount of information (text, images, video, sound) that can be sent through a connection. Usually measured in bits-per-second. A full page of text is about 16,000 bits. A fast modem can move approximately 15,000 bits in one second.
Batch A collection of credit card transactions saved for submitting at one time, usually each day. Batch fees are charged to encourage a merchant to submit his or her transactions at one time, rather than throughout the day. At directNIC, batches are performed daily at 10 pm.
BBS Bulletin Board System. 1. A computerized version of the bulletin boards found in stores and other public places, where people can leave messages and advertise things they want to buy or sell. Local computer user groups often run BBSs, and offer downloads of shareware and freeware plus online information and services. There are special interest bulletin boards, including those run by computer companies to provide information on their products. Many BBSs now have web pages. 2. In chat, it stands for “Be Back soon.”
BIN A MacBinary II encoded file (filename extension). This file type, downloaded as MacBinary or Binary, can be decompressed with Stuffit Expander.
BMP Bitmap image file typically used with windows.
Bookmark Ability to add a URL to a list of favorites on a browser.
Broadband Broadband refers to telecommunication that provides multiple channels of data over a single communications medium (i.e. DSL, Cable internet connections).
Browser A program used to locate and view HTML documents (Netscape or Microsoft Explorer, for example.)
Browser Caching To speed surfing, browsers store recently used pages on a user’s disk. If a site is revisited, browsers display pages from the disk instead of requesting them from the server. As a result, servers undercount the number of times a page is viewed.